The decrease in unemployment and the tools to support female employment
According to data published by the State Public Employment Service (SEPE), the number of unemployed people registered at the SEPE offices at the end of last February 2014, dropped by 1,949. Consequently, a total of 4,812,486 individuals are registered as unemployed.
Specifically, the decrease involves a reduction of 55,353 persons in February compared to the previous month, and 227,736 compared to February 2013.
This is good news since it is the first time that unemployment has dropped in February since 2007, breaking away from the downward trend seen since the beginning of the crisis.
However, it is necessary to recall that a decrease in registered unemployment does not necessarily mean that people are being employed, other factors and reasons may also cause a drop in unemployment figures, such as the ageing of the Spanish population, the pursuit of other activities, the underground economy or emigration, either to work or to study.
The decrease in unemployment must therefore be juxtaposed with the number of persons registered for social security purposes.
According to the Ministry of Employment and Social Security, this figure has increased since last February 2014. Specifically, the average number of persons registered for social security purposes in February was 16,212,304 (Total, General, Self-Employed, Sea and Coal), that is, 38,694 more than in January of this year and 61,557 more than in February 2013.
However, the decrease in unemployment has not affected female unemployment. In relation to last January, unemployment among men has dropped by 2,788, with the male unemployment figure standing at 2,334,633 (-0.12%), yet female unemployment has increased by 839 women, standing at 2,477,864 individuals (0.03%).
Specifically with the aim of fighting for equality among men and women and trying to increase the rate of employment among women, last March 7, 2014 the Council of Ministers approved the Strategic Plan for Equal Opportunities 2014-2016, to which of €3,127 million was allocated (70% of which will be used for employment and achieving a work-life balance), which seeks to achieve real equality in employment, avoiding discrimination in salaries, and to support work-life balance policies and eradicate gender violence.
Garrigues Employment and Labor Law Department